Important Information On Hyperpigmentation On Face

By Camille Nicholson

Hyperpigmentation on face is harmless though its appearance on this part of the body may affect the self -esteem of an individual. The condition is manifested by the dark, discolored spots caused by the overproduction of melanin. The reasons behind the overproduction of melanin include hormonal imbalance, skin damage, sun exposure and certain medications.

The most common forms of treatment for skin pigmentation are natural remedies, cosmetic surgeries and over-the-counter creams. It is important to consult a professional before embarking on the treatment process. Some creams available in the market are hazardous and may cause unwanted side effects. Home lotions and creams lighten the patches on the skin and are less expensive and less invasive compared to professional treatments.

Skin pigmentation occurs in different forms. Melasma is common among adults and affects the entire face. Melasma causes brown patches to appear on the bridge of the nose, forehead, upper lip and the cheeks. Contraceptives are the main causes of the condition among women. These include IUD and birth control pills. Men are less susceptible to the condition. The symptoms are more pronounced during summer when the levels of sunshine are high.

Pregnant women are prone to a skin pigmentation referred to as Chlosma. It affects the face and various parts of the abdomen. Age spots or solar lentigines are another form of skin hyperpigmentation. Individuals with solar lengines have dark spots on their face, hands and other body parts exposed to the sun. The rays of the sun are the leading cause of the disease.

Ephelides or freckles is a hereditary skin blemish. This condition is considered to be attractive by a large number of people although others seek treatment. Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation occurs after the skin is injured. It also occurs after skin lesions, acne spots or after painful skin treatments like aggressive laser or overuse of certain skin products.

The most common remedy for this problem consists of over-the-counter facial and topical creams. A major component of these creams is hydroquinone which has bleaching properties and helps to overcome minor cases. There has been an increased usage of chemical peels which are readily available. They get rid of dark lesions by removing clogged pores, dead skin and blackheads. Another area where they are used is the treatment of aging skin. In the cosmetic industry, specialists employ the microdermabrasion technique by using rotating brushes to clear the skin of dead cells through exfoliation.

The advancement in technology has led to the emergence of laser surgery. It involves the use of a laser beam to remove the affected areas on the skin. This is one of the most effective treatment methods and yields a uniform skin. Another method that makes use of the laser technology is laser skin resurfacing. These methods have no side effects and have positive outcomes.

To increase the likelihood of the success of the treatment of hyperpigmentation on face, a detailed analysis of the skin is crucial. The skin care specialists look for the causes of the problem and analyze its severity. The information collected helps to establish whether it is genetic, medical or due to lifestyle issues. They then administer treatments based on their findings.

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